Hemp, a strain of the Cannabis sativa plant is being touted as a power plant, an energy source, and nutty flavored sister to Marijuana. There are lots of words and terms floating around the Cannabis plant. For many of us, we may associate them all with Marijuana. For some of us, we may not know much about it at all.
Let’s clear up the confusion with some basic definitions:
THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) is one of at least 113 cannabinoids identified in cannabis plants. THC is the main psychoactive ingredient of cannabis. Legal consumption of cannabis plants are determined based on the percentage of THC found.
CBD (cannabidiol) is one of 113 identified cannabinoids in cannabis plants and accounts for up to 40% of the plant's extract. There is much about CBD that is still unknown. Preliminary research studies are focusing on its effects on anxiety, cognition, movement disorders, and pain. CBD does not have the same psychoactivity as THC, and does not cause a “high.”
Hemp is a strain of the Cannabis sativa plant species. It is one of the fastest growing plants in the world and is thought to be the earliest crop ever cultivated. It can produce just about anything from food, clothing, rope, paper, housing material, and more. It’s also known as the strongest fiber in the world and extremely versatile with over 50,000 known uses.
Marijuana is a psychoactive drug from the Cannabis plant used for medical or recreational purposes. The main psychoactive part of cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and has mental and physical effects, such as creating a "high" or "stoned" feeling, a general change in perception, heightened mood, and an increase in appetite. Onset of effects are felt within minutes when smoked, and about 30 to 60 minutes when cooked and eaten.The effects last for two to six hours.
Hemp and Marijuana seem quite similar. They come from the same plant species and have similar make-ups. So, what’s the difference? Based on our discussion here, there is one key factor used to define the difference--the amount of THC in the plant--and in layman’s terms, whether it will cause a “high” upon consumption or not.
Hemp contains 0.3% or less of THC content. Marijuana contains more than 0.3% of THC and up to 30% THC.
Hemp has been legal in NY state for the past 5 years after a research pilot program which was implemented in 2014. Since then, it has become legalized for growing across all 50 states under the 2018 Farm Bill.
The passing of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 (2018 Farm Bill, Section 10113) removed hemp and hemp seeds from the Drug Enforcement Administration’s (DEA) schedule of Controlled Substances. This action removed hemp and hemp seeds from DEA authority for products containing THC levels not greater than 0.3 percent. Therefore, DEA no longer has authority to require hemp seed permits for import purposes.
Hemp in numbers
Hemp is a high yield crop: One acre of hemp can yield an average of 700 pounds of grain, which in turn can be pressed into about 22 gallons of oil and 530 pounds of meal. The same acre will also produce an average of 5,300 pounds of straw, which can be transformed into approximately 1,300 pounds of fiber. The total retail value of hemp products in the U.S. in 2017 was $820 million. The global industrial hemp market has been projected to grow from 4.6 billion in 2019 to 26.6 billion by 2025
Hemp’s Incredible Benefits
It is still too early to know the full benefits of eating and using hemp and CBD. But we do know that it’s a powerful combination of essential amino acids, vitamins, minerals, soluble and insoluble fibers. Hemp seeds also contain over 30% fat. They are rich in two essential fatty acids, linoleic acid (omega-6) and alpha-linolenic acid (omega-3). They contain potassium, vitamins A, B, C, E, iron, magnesium, phosphorous, and zinc. Hemp seeds are also a great protein source. Just 2–3 tablespoons provide about 11 grams of protein.
Health benefits include helping to regulate the immune system and possibly reducing risk of heart disease. Animal studies have shown that hemp seeds or hemp seed oil may reduce blood pressure, decrease the risk of blood clot formation, and help the heart recover after a heart attack.
Today and trending
Hemp seeds have a nutty taste and can be eaten raw, ground into a meal, sprouted, made into hemp milk, made into tea, and used in baking. Most people eat hemp hearts, without the outer shell. Expect to see hemp products taking a good chunk of the health foods and general market. It’s already out there on grocery shelves as hemp milk, hemp seed, hemp protein powder, and if you check the freezer, you’ll soon spot boxes of Dependable’s ready-to-bake hemp cookies. Try them out and you’ll enjoy a nutty flavor, a chef-made taste, made-ready-for-you ease, and incredible health benefits.
These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease